Hypersomnia vs. Insomnia: A Comprehensive Comparison

Hypersomnia vs. Insomnia
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Hypersomnia is characterized by excessive sleepiness, where individuals may sleep for longer periods than usual, have trouble staying awake during the day, or take frequent naps.

Insomnia, on the other hand, is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. People with insomnia may struggle to fall asleep at night, wake up frequently during the night, or wake up too early in the morning, leading to insufficient sleep.

Hypersomnia Causes
- Certain medical conditions
- Drug or alcohol misuse
- Disruption to the normal functioning of a part of the nervous system
- Physical problems

Hypersomnia Symptoms
-Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Need to sleep despite having adequate sleep
- Sleep inertia
- Hallucinations
- Sleep paralysis
- Sleep attacks

Hypersomnia Treatment
- Medication
- Sleep hygiene
- Lifestyle changes
- Limit naps
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

Insomnia Causes
- Age
- Sex
- Family history and genetics
- Stress and anxiety
- Environment
- Occupation changes
- Caffeine
- Alcohol
- Nicotine
- Lifestyle changes
- Medical conditions

Insomnia Symptoms
- Inability to fall asleep
- Inability to stay asleep
- Fragmented sleep
- Early wake-time with difficulty in going back to sleep

Insomnia Treatment
- Sleep hygiene
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I)
- Relaxation techniques
- Lifestyle changes
- Over-the-counter sleep aids
- Prescription medication
- Address underlying conditions

Hypersomnia and insomnia are both about sleep. They both end in the same way. But they are different sleep problems. They have things that are the same and things that are different. Let's see how they compare.

Hypersomnia vs. Insomnia

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Hypersomnia makes people very sleepy during the day. People with it want to nap a lot. There are two types: primary and secondary Hypersomnia. [1][3].

Insomnia makes it hard for people to sleep. They can't fall asleep or stay asleep easily. This makes them tired during the day. There are two types: acute and chronic insomnia.[4]


Curious about the genetic factors that may contribute to sleep disorders? Our latest article, "Are Sleeping Disorders Genetic? Unraveling The Mysteries," delves into the fascinating world of sleep science to explore the potential hereditary links.
Prevalence of Hypersomnia and Insomnia table in a post about Hypersomnia vs. Insomnia

Prevalence of Hypersomnia and Insomnia

Hypersomnia and Insomnia Causes


These two sleep problems are related. Insomnia's causes are simpler, while Hypersomnia's are more complex. But, causes of insomnia can also lead to Hypersomnia. This is because problems like insomnia or sleep apnea can make someone have Hypersomnia[1].


The causes of insomnia include[2];

On the other hand, Hypersomnia is caused by[1];

Verdict: The causes of insomnia are more straightforward than the causes of Hypersomnia. Nevertheless, the underlying cause of Hypersomnia can be insomnia itself. It's also important to understand that the root cause of sleep disorders can be genetic, sometimes.

Insomnia and Hypersomnia Symptoms

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Insomnia Symptoms

Hypersomnia Symptoms

Hypersomnia and Insomnia Diagnosis




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Hypersomnia Treatment

Lifestyle Changes


Behavioral Therapies

Insomnia Treatment

Lifestyle Changes


Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

Alternative Treatments

Effects of Hypersomnia and Insomnia on Health and Daily Life

Hypersomnia and insomnia are sleep problems that can really affect someone's life. Both can harm the mind and body, causing many problems.

Effects of Hypersomnia

Hypersomnia can have a debilitating impact on a person's life. Some of the effects of hypersomnia include:



Effects of Insomnia

Insomnia can make daily life hard and handling tasks tough. Here are its effects:



Effects of hypersomnia and insomnia table in a post about Hypersomnia vs. Insomnia

Types Of Insomnia To Be Aware Of

Insomnia has different types based on how long it lasts, its causes, and signs. Knowing the types helps find the right treatment for each one.

Acute Insomnia (Short-term Insomnia)

Acute insomnia is short-term sleep trouble. It means having a hard time sleeping for a few days or weeks.



Chronic Insomnia (Long-term Insomnia)

Chronic insomnia is long-term sleep trouble. It lasts more than a month and makes it hard to sleep or stay asleep.



Onset Insomnia

Onset insomnia refers to the difficulty in falling asleep at the beginning of the night.



Maintenance Insomnia

Maintenance insomnia means you wake up a lot at night and find it hard to stay asleep.



Comorbid Insomnia

Comorbid insomnia happens with other health or mind problems. The sleep issues are linked to these other problems.



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Types of Hypersomnia That You Should Know

Hypersomnia has different types based on causes and signs. Knowing the types helps find the right treatment for each one.

Primary Hypersomnia (Idiopathic Hypersomnia)

Primary Hypersomnia means you're very sleepy during the day even if you sleep well at night. We don't know why it happens.



Secondary Hypersomnia

Secondary Hypersomnia occurs when excessive sleepiness is caused by an underlying medical condition, medication side effects, or another sleep disorder.




Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep attacks, and other symptoms. There are two types of narcolepsy: Type 1 and Type 2.



Kleine-Levin Syndrome

Levin Syndrome, also called Sleeping Beauty Syndrome, is a rare type of Hypersomnia. It makes you sleep too much for days or even weeks, over and over again.




Hypersomnia and insomnia are common sleep problems that can affect your daily life. Knowing how they're alike and different can help you figure out which one you might have. If you or someone you know has signs of these sleep issues, it's important to get help from a seek professional assistance for the right diagnosis and treatment plan.

Feel free to share your thoughts and experiences with hypersomnia or insomnia in the comments below. Your words might help others going through the same things.


How many hours of sleep is Hypersomnia?

Hypersomnia is typically defined as excessive sleep beyond the normal range or sleeping more than 10 hours a day. However, some people may experience episodes of Hypersomnia that may last up to 16 hours.

Can I have both insomnia and Hypersomnia?

Yes, it is possible to experience both insomnia and Hypersomnia. This condition is observed in some individuals. However, those individuals often had other psychiatric disorders, such as depression. Therefore, seeking professional help for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan is important.


  1. Hypersomnia
  2. INSOMNIA Causes and Risk Factors
  3. Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
  4. Insomnia What is Insomnia
  5. Symptoms of Insomnia
  6. Hypersomnia Tests and Diagnosis
  7. Insomnia Diagnosis
  8. Hypersomnia Treatments
  9. Insomnia Treatments
  10. Prevalence of Chronic Insomnia
  11. Hypersomnia
  12. American Academy of Sleep Medicine Review: Treatment of Narcolepsy and other Hypersomnias of Central Origin
  13. Research Gate: Management of insomnia: Update and new Approaches
  14. National Academy Of Medical Science: Causes of Hypersomnia
  15. Sleep Health Foundation: Insomnia
  16. Veterans Affairs: Insomnia
  17. NLM: Hypersomnia

⚠️ Disclaimer: The content of this video is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Consult a qualified health professional for any medical concerns.